Do Therapists Psychoanalyze People In Everyday Life?
People in many professions have common questions, comments, and jokes they hear when they tell people what they do. For psychotherapists one is, "Are you analyzing me right now?" Sometimes the person says it as a joke. At other times there's a hint of worry, like they fear the therapist will quickly learn their deepest insecurities and judge them on it.
As a counselor myself, here's my take on the question. Do we casually psychoanalyze people? Usually not, but if we do, it's not in a way you need to be concerned about.
Therapists don't want to be in Work Mode during their off time anymore than the next person
Counselors spend their work hours "analyzing" their clients, among other things. It can be a really rewarding career, but leaves you spent at the end of the day like any other job. It takes mental and emotional energy to really listen to clients and help them with their problems. When a therapist is catching up with friends on a Saturday often the last thing they want to do is go back into that working headspace, and devote their limited mental bandwidth to exploring someone's psyche. They may even want to turn off the serious side of their brain completely and just joke around or gab about surface-level topics.
It's just human nature to try to figure out what makes other people tick
Counselors occassionally psychoanalyze the people they come across, because we all do. That's how humans are wired. We're a social species. We want to understand each other. For example, if we meet someone and notice they put themselves down a lot, we can't help but think, "What's up with that? Are they insecure? Do they think they're coming across as humble but they're going too far with it?" If we're dating someone who says they want to be with us, but their actions tell a different story, we're going to speculate on what's going on with them.
When a therapist is thinking about someone's motivations they have more psychology knowledge and theories to draw on. The conclusions they come to in their head may be worded in a more clinical or diagnostic-sounding way. But in the end they're still doing something everybody does.
Therapists don't have magic mind reading powers
Sometimes people say, "Haha, are you analyzing me right now?" to counselors they've been making small talk with for a few minutes. It's as if they worry a therapist can read their mind or learn their darkest secrets from run-of-the-mill conversation. Yeah, every so often a counselor can quickly pick up some little clue that others wouldn't notice, but they're not psychic. They know their clients' hidden thoughts and secrets because their clients directly tell them. If someone's depressed, but they're really good at putting on a cheerful facade when they're around friends or co-workers, a therapist is as likely as the next person to take it at face value. Maybe after spending weeks around them they'll spot some cracks, but so might anyone else.
That's also assuming the counselor is up to speed on that person's particular issues. If someone has an eating disorder, and the therapist they're talking to doesn't focus on that area in their practice, they may not be any more tuned into the subtle signs of it than a random stranger.
Even if a counselor has figured out something about how your mind works, they're way less likely to judge you for it
For example, a therapist has been talking to you for twenty minutes and has a hunch you struggle with anxiety. The stigma around mental health is lower than ever, but an average Joe may still falsely see someone with anxiety as "weak" or lacking in willpower. A therapist knows tons of people have anxiety, and that while it isn't fun to experience, it doesn't make someone a bad person. They're compassionate. They know anxiety is part of the human condition. They understand certain life experiences that weren't your fault may have caused you to become more nervous than usual. They've probably worked with tons of clients who've had anxiety, and a host of other "shameful" conditions. It's no big deal to them.
Even if they sometimes analyze people, most therapists know better than to randomly share their thoughts out loud
Counselors know most people don't appreciate being given an unsolicited opinion about their personality or weak points. People can see it as critical and condescending. No one likes the attitude of "I'm so clever. I know you better than you know yourself. Let me lay all your blind spots and flaws out for you."
Even if a counselor has deduced something about you, a tactful one will ask at an appropriate moment if you want to hear their thoughts, not deliver them out of nowhere. Of course, some therapists do make the mistake of blurting out their observations, but they tend to be less-experienced (or even just psychology undergrads who hope to be counselors one day). They may be under the mistaken assumption that people will be impressed with their clever insights.