Thoughts On Storytelling In Social Situations
This article shares some thoughts on telling stories, but first I need to clarify what I'm referring to, since different sources can mean different things by the term "storytelling":
- I'm talking about proper stories that are at least somewhat long, not just any quick recap of an experience you had. Some social skills advice uses a broader definition of storytelling. A two-sentence summary of how your old English teacher got mad at the class once because someone hid his water bottle isn't a "story" as far as this article is concerned. That winding tale of how you got lost in Thailand is. Yeah, there are ways to share that water bottle recap to make it more or less amusing, but I'll leave that for another day.
- The article is about stories people tell in day-to-day social situations. If you're looking for tips of how to tell a story that will help you sell a product during a sales presentation, you probably won't find much.
- It's also about how to recount your own experiences, not how to put on a performance and retell a well-known folktale around a campfire.
The importance of storytelling is sometimes overemphasized
I've seen storytelling written about as a core skill for connecting to people. I've read social skills forums where a poster will ask for storytelling advice, and I get a sense they think if they can cultivate that talent it will be their ticket to being interesting and getting everyone to like them. Sure, all else being equal it's better to be a good storyteller than not, but it's hardly essential. There are plenty of other ways to be likable.
The reason it's not as important is it really doesn't come up that much. If you were to map out an average person's social interactions you'd see they'd only spend a tiny fraction of that time engaged in true, "Did I ever tell you about that crazy time in Mexico?"-style storytelling. As I'm writing this I'm thinking of some really fun, engaging people I know, and struggling to remember the last time I heard them tell a story. Mostly people use more back and forth communication. They talk about mutual interests and friends, discuss ideas, joke around, fill each other in on what's new since they last spoke, and so on.
There are two reasons storytelling is relatively rare. One is that unless they've lived really colorful or unique lives, most people only have a few truly captivating longer stories to tell. Not to sound too depressing or existential, but most of what happens in our lives, even if it's fun or rewarding at the time, isn't particularly out of the ordinary or story-worthy. Even when funny or thought-provoking things do occur, they can usually be summed up in a sentence or two. It's much rarer to have a whole string of entertaining incidents play out, enough that it would take a few minutes to recount them all later on. That's why if you've known someone a while you'll see they often bring out the same handful of stories again and again, even though they may have happened decades ago.
The second reason is something I said already. For the most part people like their conversations to be more interactive and give and take. It's a quasi-special occasion when we put that preference on hold and give someone the floor for a longer period of time. We tend to get impatient when someone has been talking for too long, unless what they're saying is really compelling. Even if someone has a ton of good stories, they can be seen as a conversation monopolizer if they bring them up too often and are always taking the spotlight.
Ways to improve your story telling
With that out of the way, here are a few ideas about how to improve your stories on the odd occasion you do share them:
Ask yourself if your story really needs to be a story
Sometimes people will try to turn little incidents into full-fledged stories, when they would honestly work better as a sentence or two of, "So I saw something funny on the way to work..." If you try to stretch little occurrences like these into complete narratives they can feel padded and like you're working too much to be an entertainer and make something out of nothing.
Even when a longer series of events happen, sometimes it will still work better in a summed up form. A good story has to have all its details. If you give people a recap it feels unsatisfying and they immediately want more information. With other stories the recap is pretty much all there is to it, and if you delve into it further it feels like you're just giving a bunch of supporting details to a point you've already made. Sometimes a series of developments seem like they would make for a good story, but for whatever reason it turns out they just aren't interesting to hear about.
Be aware of why you want to tell the story
If you're going to tell a story it should be because you think your audience will genuinely get something out of it - they'll be entertained or learn an important life lesson or whatnot. To put this point another way, if you're just telling the story because you want to brag about yourself odds are your anecdote isn't going to be very good, and people will pick up on your intent and think you're trying too hard. The next point has some more examples.
Be careful about certain topics
It's not that you should never tell any stories about these topics, but you've got to think twice about whether the people you're with will be into it. Some subjects have more potential to be boring and rambling, or make you seem self-absorbed or douchey. Be cautious when telling stories about:
- The dream you had last night
- That time you got really, really wasted, but nothing much happened aside from how drunk you were
- Anything about a diet or fitness program you're on
- Petty squabbles and slights among you and your friends, family, or co-workers
- "Stories" that are really just a way to vent about a problem you're going through
- That time you were such a tough hardass
- "Stories" that are just an excuse to trash someone behind their back
- The time you had a sexual conquest, but there's nothing to it other than to point out that people find you attractive and you get laid all the time
- Travel "stories" that aren't really about a specific interesting event, and are just a long way of saying, "Here's where I went and this is what I saw"
Don't overly workshop your story
There's nothing wrong with quickly looking at your story and thinking about how you could tighten it up or emphasize the best parts. I also think it's fine to give it few test runs by telling it in various ways and noting which parts people respond to the best. However, the story will start to come off as fake if you tinker with it too much to make it conform to a set of ideal storytelling guidelines. Like if you've got a quirky Halloween party story and you're dissecting it to try to identify its core themes and conflicts, you're probably overdoing it. The best anecdotes often don't need to be toyed with. Sometimes real life serves up a situation that's as entertaining and well-structured as anything a person could purposely write. In those cases the best thing to do is just straightforwardly retell what happened and let the material speak for itself.
Consider your audience
A story that's interesting to one group of people may seem totally boring and pointless, or tacky and offensive, to another. Or if you can tell the same story to different types of people, you may have to vary how your go over it. You might have to drop some slang and jargon, explain background concepts the listeners don't know, or gloss over or PG-ify certain details.
If you've already launched into your story it's important to keep an eye on the audience as well. Are they hanging on your every word, or do they look like they're waiting for their turn to start speaking again? If it's the latter, you may need to skip to the good stuff or even say, "Haha, actually never mind. Now that I'm telling it, this story's not as interesting as I thought it was."
If the story is longer, get some sort of permission to tell it first
If your anecdote is short you don't need anyone's go ahead to bring it up, but if it's longer it's courteous to get everyone's okay first. That way you don't accidentally trap everyone into listening to you, while they're not sure how long you'll be speaking for or where things are going. You just need to say something quick and simple like, "Do you guys want to hear about the time when..." Or you could just bring it up with a, "So I had quite the adventure while hiking this weekend..." or "You guys gotta hear what happened to me...", and if everyone leans forward eagerly you can take that as your go ahead.
Start with a hook
Another standard piece of advice that I didn't come up with myself. Unless the juicy details of the story are going to become apparent immediately, don't just launch into it without any introduction. Give a quick set up like, "So my friends and I met the strangest person last Friday..."
Be reasonably succinct
A common storytelling mistake is to include too much extraneous, irrelevant information or go off on tangents. Another is to unnecessarily keep the story going past the peak, when everyone's already gotten the point. Even if the extra details are enjoyable, the overall story may still be better off without them. Again, your friends are being generous by surrendering the floor to you, so don't keep it longer than you have to. If someone is putting their story into a book or telling it on stage they can get away with stretching it out, since that's what the audience signed up for and the material is going to be above average. It doesn't work that way in more casual social situations.
Everything you mention should be relevant to the main narrative. Like, if two of your cousins were with you during the events you're recounting, you don't need to go into detail about their personalities. Similarly, you probably don't need to give a ton of background information to set the story up. Say as little as you need to to establish the scene.
Once your story is pretty lean and focused, you can always experiment with re-adding the best bits of cut content. Like you don't need to make three witty observations about what everyone looks like, but it's fine if you keep the best, most-colorful line about your uncle's hair. You can then have the usual quicker version, and a longer one you can pull out when everyone's in a listening mood and they like what you've covered so far.
If you're in the story play up your foibles and human side
Some stories are retelling something you heard or witnessed, and you're not really a part of it. If you are involved in the story it's usually more entertaining and relatable if you mention the all the dumb, unsmooth things you did. You don't have to be totally self-deprecating or falsely modest, but at least show you handled the situation like a normal person and not a wisecracking action hero. If something surreal happened to you while you were traveling, point out how you never would have gotten into that situation in the first place if you'd had better judgment. If your story has an unavoidable bragging element to it, this helps balance it out. Like if you're a guy recounting how you picked up a woman at a bar, mention a bit of the conversation where you were feeling nervous and intimidated and said something amusingly awkward.
Any performance skills you have will obviously help
You're either going to have prior experience with these or not. The first "skill" is being comfortable being on "stage" and the center of attention. Even in smaller groups people often get flustered when it hits them that everyone's eyes are on them. The second set of skills are things like being able to speak clearly, act out individual characters and do funny voices, or use timing and pauses effectively. Don't be too hammy though.
Don't perform your story in a rehearsed, "canned" way
Every time you tell a story it should be a little different. Of course you'll have the same plot points you want to hit each time, but the actual retelling should be off the top of your head. It comes off as odd if you tell the story like a rote performance.
Ending your story
You don't have to do anything fancy to finish your story. Don't feel you have to end on a giant laugh or revelation. You can deliver the final sentence then say nothing, or go, "So yeah, that's how I ended up with my dog" or "...and that's why I get paranoid driving in blizzards." You could pose a question to the group to get the conversation started again, like, "Has that happened to anyone else?" If you find the story awkwardly trails off you're probably including bits you can chop out. See if there's a better ending spot earlier on.